The Certification Commission for Healthcare Information Technology (CCHIT®) is an organization that certifies electronic health record (EHR) or electronic medical record (EMR) software programs. As one of the top certification bodies for EMR software, by selecting a CCHIT EHR program you’re guaranteed to get a system with a high degree of functionality that meets all security requirements.
In light of the HITECH Act of 2009 (discussed in more detail below), finding CCHIT certified electronic health records has become a priority for most medical practices currently buying an EMR. But with approximately 100 certified electronic medical records programs and 250 total certifications, this search can be confusing. This buyer’s guide is designed to clarify the process and make the search a little bit easier.
Here’s what we’ll cover:
Overview of CCHIT Certification for EMRs
What is CCHIT? CCHIT electronic medical records certification is based on over 400 criteria spanning EMR functionality, interoperability and security. Specific criteria categories include:
|Patient record||Create unique records with unique identifiers, demographic information, and provider information, and have those records be compatible with those of other systems.|
|Diagnosis Data||Accurately and discretely capture, manage, and access patient complaint information.|
|Medications||Accurately and discretely track medication usage and history and suggest, prescribe, and administer medications, taking into account patient complaints, allergies, and drug interactions for potential adverse reactions.|
|Document Management||Make and modify notes, capture vital signs, manage authorizations and advance directives, and integrate images and documents from external sources as necessary.|
|Patient Education||Generate and record patient instructions based on condition, severity, and/or patient history, and modify that information or customize it to the patient.|
|Testing||Integration with diagnostic tests and lab results, including ordering, receiving, tracking, graphical ability, and compatibility with external sources.|
|Disease Management||Tracking the patient condition for preventive care, providing automatic alerts based on standard and customizable warning criteria.|
|Administration||Includes clinical task assignment, inter-provider communication, scheduling, report generation.|
|Concurrent Use||Allows multiple providers to simultaneously use the same or different settings.|
|Security||Provides HIPAA compliance, including authentication and selective access control within the office environment.|
What Type of EMR Buyer Are You?
CCHIT electronic health record certification criteria vary depending on the facility: there are separate EMR certification criteria for different types of buyers. Here is a brief description of the different certifications and how they vary:
- Ambulatory EMR. An EMR holding this certification meets all the criteria for outpatient facilities. In addition to the standard certification, ambulatory EMRs may have add-on certification for the following specialties: behavioral, cardiovascular, pediatric, dermatology, clinical research, oncology, and obstetrics.
- Inpatient EMR. Certification for inpatient EMRs focuses heavily on medication orders and order sets, including the ability to administer medications safely and effectively. Since CCHIT encourages inpatient EMR applicants to test against all ONC-ATCB 2011/2012 criteria for eligible hospitals at no additional charge, it’s highly likely that inpatient programs will also meet ONC-ACTB criteria.
- Emergency department EMR. Interoperability requirements for an emergency department EMR focus on laboratory messaging. These EMRs also need to meet criteria for bed management, discharge instructions, and transfers to other departments.
- Behavioral health EMR. Behavioral health center EMRs may have qualified under the ambulatory EMR with the behavioral add-on, or under this stand-alone behavioral health EMR certification. The biggest piece of this kind of EMR is the ability to manage clinical documents, notes, assessments, and treatment plans that may change over time.
There are also separate certifications for EMR software for long term and post acute care centers and for ePrescribing EMRs.
The CCHIT-Certified EMR Vendor Landscape
Below are some of the major players among CCHIT-certified EMRs.
|This type of buyer...||Should evaluate these systems|
|Ambulatory care providers||eClinicalWorks, Allscripts, Greenway, Aprima|
|Inpatient facilities||Epic, NextGen|
|Emergency departments||Allscripts, Epic|
|Behavioral health specialists||Netsmart, NextGen|
Market Trends You Should Understand
CCHIT has become especially relevant in light of the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act, which includes $19 billion in stimulus money to incentivize medical offices to adopt electronic health records. In order to receive the money, the EHR must be certified Office of the National Coordinator – Authorized Testing and Certification Body (ONC-ATCB). CCHIT is now one of these ONC-ATCB certifying bodies and meets the federal requirements to perform EHR certification (although not the only one). Consult our ONC-ATCB Certified EMRs page for an up-to-date list of these systems.
Here are a couple recent news items from the CCHIT that you should know about.
- Dual ONC-ATCB and CCHIT Certification - As of February 13 2012, more than 70 percent of EHR vendors that meet ONC-ATCB requirements are also CCHIT certified ehr vendors. This is great news for eligible providers using one of these certified ehr systems. Not only do they have the requisite certified EHR technology to receive incentives outlined in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), they’re using a system that meets the CCHIT’s rigorous guidelines.
- Additional Certifications - Over the last few years the CCHIT has introduced several new certifications to meet the requirements of specific medical specialties. Most recently, in 2011, they added categories for Long Term and Post Acute Care (LTPAC), Women’s Health (obstetrics), Oncology and Clinical Research. Combined with their previous certification programs for cardiology, child health, behavioral health, emergency departments and dermatology, they now offer nine total specialty certifications.
Benefits & Potential Issues
The obvious benefits for purchasing a CCHIT certified EMR are access to HITECH Act stimulus patients and the assurance that you’ll be getting a high quality EMR system that meets all functionality, interoperability, and security needs. It’s important to understand, however, that a single CCHIT certified EMR may not make a provider eligible for HITECH Act incentive payments. A product may be certified by CCHIT for ePrescribing, but not for inpatient care, in which case it would not qualify the facility for stimulus funds. Therefore, it’s important to ensure, even if they are CCHIT certified, that the purchase will qualify you for stimulus payments. It's also important to understand that the cost of certified EHR software may be higher than other, non certified products. The costs aren't arbitrary, however. They support the development of the features and functionality necessary for meeting certification requirements.