"Long-term care" (LTC) is a term that can refer to any post-acute or extended-care setting: from nursing homes to assisted living facilities to adult day care centers to home health care. The patients who receive care in these settings may be any age or gender, but the modal LTC patient is elderly.
Long-term care software vendors provide products for nursing homes and skilled nursing facilities (SNFs), assisted living facilities, independent living facilities and continuing care retirement communities (CCRCs).
Long-term care software demonstration video from MedTablet®
There are many vendors offering many LTC solutions. We've created this guide to help LTC facilities understand their options and identify the solutions that best meet their needs. Here's what we'll cover:
Long term care software can be considered to live within the geriatric software umbrella. Products in this category help care facilities automate clinical, financial, marketing and other activities to streamline workflows and operate more efficiently. For example, facilities may need marketing solutions to track leads and referrals. Nursing homes may need electronic medical records (EMRs) to track patients' medical information.
(Some may consider home health to be a part of the long-term care spectrum. For more information on systems designed for other types of LTC organizations, check out our home health software guide or our hospice care software guide.)
|Clinical/electronic medical records (EMR)||Long-term care EMR software automates clinical documentation by providing digital storage and access to patients' medical information. The EMR should also be able to send and receive care summaries during transitions of care.|
|Clinical—MDS||Clinical applications also usually include support for Minimum Data Set (MDS) assessments, the federally mandated clinical assessment of all residents in Medicare- or Medicaid-certified nursing homes.|
|Clinical—eMAR and eTAR||Clinical applications also typically offer medication management in the form of electronic medication administration records (eMAR) and electronic treatment administration records (eTAR).|
|Point of care||These solutions can be used at the point of care, to document or access information from the bedside. Point-of-care solutions often help with speed and eliminate the need for double entry. They also allow quick, accurate access to residents’ health status information.|
|Patient scheduling||Scheduling solutions allow staff to schedule medical appointments for patients (residents). A scheduling application will facilitate not only the making and editing of appointments, but also quickly searching and finding scheduled appointments.|
|Billing||Billing software helps LTC facilities automate repetitive or error-prone billing tasks. For medical biling related to the medical evaluation of patients, implementing a software system often results in improved coding and collections.|
|Marketing||Marketing software helps facilities track leads and manage communications. For SNFs, marketing platforms may also help with the mangagement of referrals and preadmissions.|
Of course, different solutions will offer different types of applications, but these are the applications categories we've found to be present in most LTC systems.
The MDS Section K screen of the Hi-Tech Software system
You’ll have choices when it comes to deploying your LTC software; here are the primary options to consider.
Standalone application or integrated suite. You’ll need to determine up front whether you want to implement a single application for a specific task, or a system that offers multiple applications. A single application purchased on its own—for example, only EMR or only billing—is known as a “standalone” or “best-of-breed” application. Alternatively, you may want to implement one system that contains several applications: what’s known as an “integrated suite.”
We find that most buyers choose an integrated suite. However, a standalone solution might be right for you if:
On-premise or cloud-based. You’ll also need to determine whether you want to deploy your software “in the cloud,” or on your own servers. Cloud-based deployment is also referred to as “Web-based” or “software-as-a-service (SaaS).” These solutions are deployed “in the cloud” or over the Internet, rather than being hosted on a facility’s own local servers.
This type of deployment is especially popular among LTC facilities, which often don’t have full-time IT staff to manage a system running on internal servers. Cloud-based software vendors also “push” updates out to their users automatically, rather than requiring users to install new or updated versions manually.
The Point of Care interface of the PointClickCare cloud-based system
A cloud-based deployment model typically lowers the upfront cost of implementation, since it requires less investment in servers and other physical infrastructure. Cloud-based systems are typically priced as a monthly subscription, rather than an upfront license fee. Most LTC software vendors offer a cloud-based option.
The Admit-Discharge-Transfer (ADT) screen of the NTT Data cloud-based system
On-premise software hosted on a facility’s own servers may be preferable for facilities that do have a dedicated IT team available to manage the system. These systems are typically priced through an upfront fee for a license. Although the initial investment is higher with on-premise systems, the costs tend to balance out over time, since cloud-based costs are spread evenly over the life of the software.
Web-based nursing home software is typically priced "per bed day," or in some cases "per patient day." In other words, you’ll most often pay a subscription fee that amounts to some fixed price per day for each bed in your facility (or each patient in your facility, which is usually based on a census average). For assisted living or independent living facilities that don't have a skilled nursing unit, subscription pricing is generally per-resident.
On-premise software is less common, but is typically priced with a perpetual license fee—a fee paid upfront for a license to use the software in perpetuity.
The price of LTC software tends to increase in tandem with the complexity of your requirements, as well as the functional breadth and depth of the system itself. For example, packages on the higher end of the pricing scale will typically offer more robust features, while those on the lower end will include only the most essential functions.
Generally speaking, larger facilities may find they benefit more from the packages on the higher end of the pricing scale, while smaller facilities often find the more basic packages are sufficient to meet their needs.
How can you be sure you’re taking the right steps to evaluate nursing home or assisted living software? Software Advice recently surveyed buyers to determine which evaluation tactics work best.
We found that checking vendor references and having an attorney review the vendor agreement are the two most effective tactics for software buyers. We made this determination by evaluating which tactics had the highest impact on the project outcome (meaning software buyers that applied the method experienced a different outcome than those who didn’t), as well as which led to the highest rates of satisfaction with the system selected.
The top-right quadrant in the matrix below depicts which tactics fell into this impact and satisfaction sweet spot and represents the methods we most highly recommend.
Quadrant indicating where selection tactics fall on the "impact" and "satisfaction" spectrum
Notably, we found that involving end-users in the evaluation process negatively impacted project outcome. In fact, buyers that applied the tactic were more than twice as likely to be very dissatisfied with their selection than those who didn’t involve end users. End-user feedback can create a “too many cooks in the kitchen” situation for buyers, so we’d advise against this tactic.
There are a few other things LTC facilities should keep in mind when evaluating software, such as whether EMR software is “certified” and whether staff will need (or want) to access the system from mobile devices.
EMR certification. In the long-term/post-acute care (LTPAC) category, EMR systems—also often called “electronic health record (EHR) systems”—have their own certification processes. “Certified” long-term care EHR software will meet stringent requirements for interoperability and security, giving buyers added peace of mind. LTPAC EMRs have two available certifications:
Mobile support. As the use of smartphones and tablets becomes increasingly common in professional settings, vendors are creating versions of their software that can operate seamlessly on these mobile devices. Many long-term care and assisted living software vendors offer mobile support. Systems that supports tablet use may be especially helpful for caregivers who need to make notes from patients' bedsides.
Netsmart acquires HealthMEDX. In October 2016, Netsmart acquired HealthMEDX, which makes EMR software for long-term care providers. Under this deal, HealthMEDX’s customers will have access to Netsmart’s CareFabric platform. CareFabric is described as a “framework of clinical and business solutions that supports integrated, coordinated delivery of health services” and includes interoperability, revenue-cycle management, analytics, care coordination and patient engagement services. The integration between CareFabric and HealthMEDX is expected to be ready by March 2017.
Vendors add features for CMS reporting requirements. In response to new reporting requirements enforced by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) in July 2016, vendor Kronos Incorporated designed upgrades to its time and attendance solution to help long-term care facilities comply with staffing data reporting requirements.
Avoidable hospitalizations among long-term care residents on the decline. In January 2017, CMS published a data brief showing there’s been a “sharp reduction” in avoidable hospitalizations among nursing facility residents. CMS attributes this decrease to multiple initiatives, such as the AHRQ Safety Program for Long-Term Care and the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program.
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